A Multi-Objective Model for Green Closed-Loop Supply Chain Design by Handling Uncertainties inEffective Parameters

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran



The process of designing and redesigning supply chain networks is subject to multiple uncertainties. Given the growing environmental pollution and global warming caused by societies' industrialization, this process can be completed when environmental considerations are also taken into account in the decisions. In this study, an integrated four-level closed-loop supply chain network, including factories, warehouses, customers, and disassembly centers (DCs) is designed to fulfill environmental objectives in addition to economic ones. The reverse flow, including recycling and reprocessing the waste products, is considered to increase production efficiency. Also, the different transportation modes between facilities, proportional to their cost and greenhouse gas emissions, are taken into account in the decisions. A random cost function and chance constraints are presented firstly to handle the uncertainties in different parameters. After defining the random constraints using the chance-constraint programming approach, a deterministic three-objective model is presented. The developed model is solved using the GAMS software and the goal attainment (GA) method. Also, the effect of the priority of the goal, uncertain parameters, and confidence level of chance constraints on objective function values has been carefully evaluated using different numerical examples.


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